Garden Pond Koi Carp Fish Pond Goldfish Water Garden Pond Design Ideas pond liner Design ideas butyl liners Designs

Garden Ponds & Water Garden Pond Ideas



Garden Ponds &Fish Pond Ideas:

Garden Ponds - Fish Ponds & Water Garden Ponds
The sound of water increases the interest at any garden and building a small pool with water dripping on a rock under a rock Garden in May and be worth your time and investment. For an overview diagram of a small rock garden pool. A naturalistic approach to creating a rock garden.
  1. Line pool with concrete painted dark sides of slopes to help prevent cracking in winter.
  2. Low horse power, with submersible pump connected to the earth. Water is pumped from bottom pool to top pool.
  3. Flexible plastic pipes are buried underground.
  4. A type of toilet tank float valve can be used to control water levels.
  5. A check valve can be used to prevent water from flowing back into the house system.
  6. A drain allows overflow water which can be taken to a large hole filled with rocks where it can seep back into the ground.
Water gardens or small garden pools have become a popular part of small garden landscape architecture. Water gardens are visually soothing and seem to connect people to the natural aquatic world. The aesthetic value of water gardens is enhanced by the almost endless variety of design and planting options that make each one a unique and personal creation.
Little formal research has been conducted on the ecology and management of water gardens, so most of the information in this publication was developed from related areas of research and practical observations. Water garden location, size and type
The location of the water garden is critical to its ecology and maintenance, as well as to your enjoyment of it. Sunlight is needed for plant photosynthesis. Plants are important to the water garden’s ecology because they produce oxygen, remove and recycle nutrients, and provide shade and hiding places for fish and other inhabitants. A water garden should be situated to receive at least 6 hours of sunlight each day. However, direct sun at mid-day during the warmest months can cause shallow pools to overheat. Locating the water garden so that it can be viewed from the house will increase your enjoyment and allow you to supervise it. Be sure to control access to the water garden to ensure the safety of children. A good view of the water garden will also help you spot unwanted visitors such as predators.
Water gardens should not be located over utility services. Check with utility companies for the location of underground lines. Water gardens should not be located directly under trees because roots hamper excavation and may cause structural damage later. Also, leaves foul the water and over-hanging branches may exude toxic substances into the water garden. Consider the weight of the water before placing a free-standing water garden on a patio or deck. Check structural supports; water is very heavy. Water depth will depend upon the garden pond design, local climate, and over-wintering strategies.
A few tips to over winter your garden pond fish:
Many year-round outdoor water gardens have a section at least 3 or 4 feet deep that does not freeze in the winter and gives fish a cool retreat during hot weather and to provide and an over winter depth when the pond freezes. Large koi carp, in particular, tend to lose colour and become stressed if they do not have a cool place to stay during hot weather. A depth of 18 to 24 inches is sufficient in the deep south, as long as only a few fish are stocked and plenty of floating aquatic plants are provided for shade. Water gardens that are at least two-thirds below ground level retain heat in cold weather and are cooler in hot weather. Those built totally above ground may have to be drained during the winter and fish and plants moved indoors. Ponds can be built of several types of materials. Some of the more common are earth, plastic liners, fibreglass and concrete
Plastic liners are easy to install and come in a variety of shape and sizes. The lifetime of a liner depends on the thickness and type of plastic. Construction Construction of a water garden can be simple or complex. Water gardens built of fibreglass or concrete take considerable construction skill. Earthen and plastic liner pools require less construction skill or experience. Many commercial firms selling water garden equipment offer consulting services on design, construction and maintenance. Use available expertise and your own creativity to design a water garden reflecting your imagination and taste. Water gardens can be relatively expensive to build and maintain. Cost of construction varies with size and the materials used.

Gold Fish Ponds and Koi Carp Ponds Fish most commonly stocked in water gardens belong to either the goldfish or the koi family. There are numerous varieties of these fish.
References to goldfish are found in Chinese poetry as early as 1,000 A.D. The Chinese and Japanese nobility developed many of the varieties we see today from the original wild form. Today there are many varieties to choose from. Varieties with normal body structures are best for water gardens. These would include common goldfish, shubunkin (or calico), comet, and fantail. Varieties of fancy goldfish such as the nymph, fringetail, veiltail, lionhead, curled gill, and bubble-eyed goldfish are not well suited for outdoor water gardens because they are more vulnerable to predators.
Koi carp are descendants of the European common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Koi is a Japanese word meaning “love” and koi giving in Japan has much the same meaning as flower giving in the West. Koi have been bred in Japan since at least 300 A.D. and are a popular ornamental fish because of their wide variety of colors and color patterns. Each color and pattern combination is given a distinctive Japanese name.
Prized koi have bright, intense colors, sharp color definitions, and distinctive arrangements of markings. Koi with exceptional coloration and patterning can be valued at thousands of dollars.
Koi can grow quite large and sometimes live for 60 or 70 years. These fish can truly be lifelong pets.

 





























Aknowlegements for some text and images to wikipedia.org